Cartilage Piercing Infections - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
When you get a cartilage piercing, you are creating a wound in your ear. It may be a really cool wound, but it still poses an infection risk if you don’t keep it clean and take care of it properly. Infected cartilage piercings are not fun!
To keep your cartilage piercing looking its best, and avoid long-term complications that could require serious antibiotics, follow this advice on the causes, symptoms, and treatment of cartilage piercing infections.
What is a Cartilage Piercing Infection?
The possibility of infection is something that your piercer should discuss with you when you get your cartilage piercing. It’s a condition in which your body is trying to fight off unfriendly microorganisms, typically bacteria. When you develop an infection, it’s likely that you will see a red bump forming around your piercing.
A cartilage piercing infection occurs when bacteria enters the opening of your new piercing. Infections typically only crop up early in the healing process, when the wound from the piercing is still open.
Of course, it can take quite a while for a cartilage piercing to fully heal, a minimum of three months and usually more, so the likelihood for infection is open longer than for ear lobe piercings or piercings in other fleshy areas.
Unlike infections in other areas, an infected cartilage piercing can spread from the surface down into the cartilage itself. This means it can cause further complications and become difficult to treat.
Infections can also be the reason for that unsightly bump that forms around the site of the piercing sometimes, although a bump isn't always the sign of an infection (it could be a keloid scar).
What Causes Cartilage Piercing Infections?
Sometimes there’s nothing you could have done differently to stop an infection. Bacteria are sneaky little pests. But most of the time, there is a preventable cause behind a cartilage piercing infection. Here are the top reasons for infection taking hold.
Unsanitary conditions at the piercing location
Reputable piercers make sure that everything used in the piercing process, such as the piercing needle, is clean and sterilized. They’ll also make sure they have clean hands or wear gloves. Anything, objects or body parts, that can harbor bacteria are potential carriers of infection-causing bacteria.
More experienced professionals do tend to charge more for their work, but this small additional cost for a cartilage piercing is so worth it.
Touching your piercing
That goes for your own hands, too. And the hands of your friends. Keep a no touching rule for your piercings, and you’ll be much less likely to pick up an infection. Any time you need to clean your new cartilage piercing, wash your hands first to reduce infection risk.
Not following appropriate aftercare and cleaning advice
When you get a cartilage piercing, your piercer should give you instructions on how to clean and take care of the wound while it heals.
Follow what they say, and use the products they suggest. You should be using saline, or salt water solution, to soak your piercing every day. And you can wash the jewelry with small amount of soap and water, before rinsing well.
My Favorite Piercing Aftercare Product
The best piercing aftercare product I've ever had the pleasure of using up to this point is the H2Ocean Piercing Aftercare Spray.
Not only is every single ingredient completely natural, but the spray works brilliantly on all skin types (including sensitive skin) and comes in a very generously sized can.
Many users of the spray advise that when using it from the very start of the healing process, it appears to decrease healing times and helps to reduce any lingering pain/soreness.
Read more about the H2Ocean Piercing Spray here. Have a quick look at some of the customer reviews and you'll see why it's one of the most popular piercing sprays on the market.
Wearing cheap jewelry
Bacteria is always somewhat present. There’s bacteria on your ear right now. But most of the time these small amounts of normal bacteria don’t cause a problem. That is, unless something else irritates your piercing, making you more susceptible to developing an infection.
Placing cheap jewelry in your piercing is one of those things that can cause irritation or an allergic reaction, and when your ear is in that vulnerable state it can’t fight off otherwise normal levels of bacteria. Make sure that any new piercing you get has jewelry made of gold, steel, or titanium only. These metals are less likely to cause reactions.
Injuring the piercing
As with wearing cheap jewelry, anything that irritates the pierced area makes it more susceptible to infection. When your body is dealing with injury, irritation, or allergic reactions, it is less able to deal with other issues like bacteria.
To reduce your infection risk, don’t sleep on the new piercing, and take precautions when playing sports or engaging in other rough activities, such as dancing at concerts, so that your cartilage piercing doesn’t get bumped or pulled.
Is My Cartilage Piercing Infected? Sign & Symptoms Of Cartilage Piercing Infections
You don’t want to wait until your cartilage piercing is severely infected before starting treatment. That increases the chance that you’ll need to seek medical intervention, when you can easily treat the infection yourself if caught early enough.
To catch a cartilage piercing infection in the early stages, look for these symptoms:
Red, tender skin around the piercing
When your skin looks red and hurts when you touch it, that’s a sign of inflammation. If this occurs, your skin may also feel hot to the touch. This is because elevated body temperature helps certain types of immune cells to work better when fighting bacteria and viruses.
Note that your skin is going to be red and tender the first couple of days after a piercing, and that is part of the normal healing process. However, if the initial redness passes and then comes back, or if the piercing remains red for longer than just a few days, you should treat it as though it’s infected.
Discharge draining from the piercing
A normally healing cartilage piercing may drain a bit of clear fluid and form crusts - this is not a cause for alarm. On the other hand, if the discharge coming from the piercing is yellowish or green, then it is pus, a sign of infection.
Prolonged bleeding and scabbing
Of course, there may be a bit of blood on the first day or two after a receiving a new piercing; you have a wound in your ear, after all. Despite this, when everything is going smoothly, the bleeding should clear up relatively quickly. If your piercing continues to bleed, start treating it for infection.
How To Treat An Infected Cartilage Piercing
The first thing to know about treating an infected cartilage piercing is that you should not remove the earring. Keeping your jewelry in place actually helps the piercing to drain, which needs to happen in order for your body to get rid of the problematic bacteria and flush out the wound.
You should also continue your daily cleaning process, soaking the piercing in salt water or using a pre-made saline. Then, try one or more of the following suggestions.
Increase the number of salt water soaks
Thoroughly clean your piercing up to three times per day with salt water or saline. If you have an infection, making your own salt water for soaking can be better because using the solution while it is still warm will soothe the infected area.
Apply a warm compress
In addition to soaking with warm salt water, you can put a clean, warm cloth or gauze soaked in salt water on the infected area. Or use a chamomile tea bag that has been steeped in hot water.
Let it cool to a comfortable temperature before applying it to your piercing. Salt helps to clean, chamomile has natural healing properties, and the warmth can help with blood flow to the cartilage.
Apply a cold compress
Alternating between warm and cold being applied to the infected area will increase blood supply to the cartilage. Cartilage tends to have less blood flow than fleshy areas of the body, so this can really make a difference.
Better blood supply means more antibodies are delivered to the area to fight the infection.
Use an antibacterial spray
Topical antibiotics can help get rid of an infection faster. Be sure to use a spray, like Bactine. Antibiotic ointments will prevent the piercing from draining.
Try tea tree oil
Tea tree oil has natural antibacterial properties and helps to soothe inflammation. You can mix a drop or two of it with a bit of carrier oil, such as coconut oil or jojoba oil, and then gently apply it to your infected cartilage piercing. Use tea tree oil two or three times per day.
What To Do If An Infection Persists
If your cartilage piercing infection gets worse or persists for more than a week, you should seek assistance from your piercer or a doctor.
Infections can spread throughout the cartilage to the rest of your ear, potentially causing long-term damage. You may need to get a strong oral antibiotic to prevent this from happening.
What Happens After A Cartilage Piercing Infection?
You’ll know that the cartilage piercing infection is gone when all of the symptoms have disappeared.
You should continue whichever treatment you were using for a few days after symptoms are gone, to ensure that the infection has been fully treated. Then, you can continue your usual cleaning process to prevent another infection from starting.
How To Prevent Cartilage Piercing Infections In The Future
Once your piercing is free from infection, you can take a few easy steps to prevent another infection in the future.
● Don’t touch your piercing with dirty hands, and don’t twist or play with the piercing
● Continue cleaning the piercing with saline daily until the piercing is fully healed
● Sleep so that the piercing is not pressed against your pillow
Following proper aftercare and taking a few precautions can usually prevent a cartilage piercing infection.
However, if you do develop a cartilage piercing infection, don’t panic. They can usually be treated at home with daily cleaning and a topical treatment like tea tree oil, hot and cold compresses, or antibiotics prescribed by a medical professional.