Tattoo Swelling - What To Do If Your New Tattoo Becomes Swollen
After getting a tattoo, the area around the new ink goes through lots of changes as it begins to heal itself after the damage caused by the needles during the tattooing process. Tattoo swelling is one of the side-effects that may occur as the wound and the area around it being to heal.
A swollen tattoo can cause worry amongst unsuspecting people who didn’t know that this may happen to their new ink, but this article will hopefully help to extinguish some of those fears.
Is Tattoo Swelling Normal & Why Do Tattoos Become Swollen?
Although swelling doesn’t occur on every new tattoo, it isn’t exactly uncommon, and probably happens to around 50% of all new tattoos of an average size (smaller tattoos generally swell less whilst larger tattoos swell more).
However, in nearly all cases, a swollen tattoo is something that you shouldn’t worry about.
The majority of the time, the swelling will just be a natural process that your body sets up in order to aid healing around your wound.
The swelling will also very unlikely affect the final appearance of your tattoo in any way.
As previously mentioned, the swelling around your new tattoos usually occurs due to the trauma that is caused to your skin as the tattooing needles continuously penetrate the same area of skin many thousands of times a minute during your the tattooing process.
The swelling is an automatic healing response by your body as it sends more fluid and white blood cells to the area.
This fluid causes the area to swell and tighten, which restricts movement to ensure that the area cannot twist and turn too much, which could potentially cause even more damage. Essentially the swelling is there to help you.
The white blood cells are sent to the wound to begin healing it from the outside-in (to protect against harmful bacteria), and these cells can often elicit an inflammatory response.
Tattoo swelling can come in many different forms, from just a very small lump underneath the tattoo, to large red areas of bulging lumps all around the tattoo.
Below is a selection of the most common reasons why your tattoo might swell up more than normal:
Certain parts of the body are more prone to swelling - especially any area below the waist.
This means that the fluids causing the swelling have less of a chance to spread upwards and away from the site of swelling.
Body parts containing much thinner layers of skin also seem to swell more than normal.
This is because these areas are much more delicate when compared to areas on the body with thick layers of skin, meaning that there is more of a chance of the needles penetrating more sensitive lower layers of tissue, which will prompt a bigger healing response from the body (and thus more bruising).
Tattoo Artist Technique
Some artists are very gentle when using the tattooing needle, and in-turn cause less damage, which will therefore require less of a swelling response from the body.
On the other hand, some artists are generally more heavy handed and rough with their tattooing practices. It is these artists that can sometimes cause slightly more damage to your skin than normal and potentially cause more swelling and bruising.
Taking any sort of blood thinning medication before getting a tattoo can cause heavier bleeding throughout your tattooing session and for a while afterwards as well.
The veins underneath the top layers of skin will therefore bleed more than normal due to the thinner blood, and any larger than normal amounts of blood leakage will show as excess swelling and bruising below the skin.
Taking aspirin can also increase your chances of getting a swollen and sore tattoo.
This is because aspirin (and similar medications) stop your blood from clotting as efficiently as normal, meaning that more blood can leak and build up in pockets beneath the skin (which will appear on the outside as bruising and swelling).
Always consult both your tattoo artist and your doctor when thinking about getting a new tattoo whilst taking any kind of medication.
Although rare, tattoo swelling can uncommonly be a symptom of an infection.
If an infection is the cause of the swelling, the swelling itself will normally be partnered with either a rash, extreme redness, and/or skin that is hot to the touch and very sore with no signs of improvement over several days.
It’s always advisable to see a medical professional or your tattoo artist as soon as you suspect that your tattoo may have become infected. The quicker the infection is treated, the less likely that the long-term appearance of your tattoo will be affected.
How To Treat Tattoo Swelling
Although there would be absolutely no problem in letting the swelling reduce by itself, there is some action that you can take in order to try and make the swelling go down even quicker than normal:
Compressing the swollen tattoo with ice will restrict the flow of blood and fluid, which will prevent as much blood from secreting around the site of the swelling.
You must remember though, that the tattooed area of skin will be extremely sensitive, and therefore you should only compress the area very gently and make sure that you don’t press the ice directly onto the skin. You should instead place a damp towel between the ice and the swollen skin.
If the swelling is below your waist (on one of your legs for example), try to raise the area so that it’s elevated above your heart when you lay down or sit.
You should be able to accomplish this by positioning a couple of pillows or towels beneath the area to prop it up. This can also be done as you sleep at night.
Elevation of the swollen area should help blood and fluids to flow back into the surrounding areas of tissue instead of sitting around the site of the tattoo.
Being very active right after getting inked can mean that your body could have a harder chance at healing itself as as effectively if it’s not able to relax and focus solely on regenerating the area around your wound.
Undergoing intense exercise straightaway can also increase swelling too. This is because your heart is having to pump harder than normal, meaning that more blood is being flushed through the tiny holes in your veins that were created by the tattooing needles.
Try to relax and take it easy for a few days after getting your new tattoo in order to give your body the best chance at healing as quickly and efficiently as possible.
Old Tattoo Swelling
Again, although uncommon, old tattoos can also swell up for various reasons. This is normally associated with reactions such as allergies to the tattoo ink (allergic reactions to ink can occur many years after getting a tattoo).
The tattooed area will also generally always be slightly more sensitive than normal area of skin around it, meaning that harsh cleaning products and lotions could elicit a swelling response if your skin doesn’t take kindly to them (this is normally due to artificial colorings and scents within the products).
Sun exposure can also affect the sensitive tattooed skin, causing possible heat rash (which is often accompanied by swelling).
If you’re concerned about swelling on your old tattoo then it’s always best to get it checked out by a tattoo artist or a medical professional.
My Favourite Tattoo Healing/Moisturizing Lotion
The best tattoo lotion I've ever personally used is a (vegan) tattoo aftercare product called Hustle Butter. This stuff works amazingly during the healing process - not only to keep your tattoo really well hydrated but it's also very good at soothing that annoying itching.
Many other users of the product also advise that when using it from the very start of the healing process it appears to decrease healing times and seems to reduce heavy scabbing.
Read more about Hustle Butter here. Have a quick look at some of the customer reviews and you'll see why it's one of the most popular tattoo lotions.
Hopefully you should now be able to stop worrying so much and accept that swelling on a new tattoo is generally common and very normal.
Although there is nothing wrong with allowing the swollen area to go down on its own, you can always follow the treatment advice above in order to try and make your tattoo swelling reduce slightly quicker. You can then proceed to look forward to seeing your new ink in all its glory once the healing process is complete.