Stages Of The Tattoo Healing Process - A Day-By-Day Walkthrough
Each and every new tattoo goes through a certain healing process. This process can normally be split up into about three different stages – and those stages can be split up further day-by-day.
We will give you advice and guide you on exactly what to expect during your very own tattoo healing process.
Like any other type of open wound inflicted on the body, tattooed skin must protect itself from harmful outside bacteria, and regenerate itself back to full health after any damage has been done.
This regeneration is what a tattoo goes through as it heals, right up to the point where the skin is back to how it was before the tattoo, minus the small fact that it is now filled up with thousands of tiny pigments of ink. Care is paramount throughout the regeneration stages.
Tattoo Healing Process
The visible part of your tattoo will gradually heal over four to six weeks. However, the deeper layers of skin will continue to heal at a slower rate over the next couple of months.
The more careful you are with following aftercare instructions during the early days, the quicker your tattoo will heal; allowing you to resume regular daily activities faster, without causing further damage to the area.
1. Stage One (Days 1-6) - Oozing, swelling and redness that gets better gradually over each day. Scabbing begins to form over the area.
2. Stage Two (Days 7-14) - Itching and flaking begins, and this continues until all layers of dead skin and scabs have fallen off.
3. Stage Three (Days 15-30) - Tattoo looks fully healed but may look slightly cloudy for a few weeks. Deeper layers of skin are still repairing, so continue to care for your tattoo.
Stage One – Oozing and Soreness
This first stage of healing begins as soon as you get off the tattoo artist's chair. The area in which the ink has been injected into is now a large open wound, and the skin will begin producing plasma straight away to begin the clotting and scabbing process.
At this point, your tattoo artist will most-likely clean the area with an antibacterial soap and proceed to bandage/wrap the tattoo at the studio for added protection against bacteria until you get home.
All tattoo artists have their own approach to wrapping, but lots of them advise to keep the bandage/wrap on for 12-24 hours.
Once the bandage has been carefully removed, it’s quite likely that your tattooed area will be weeping and oozing with blood/plasma/lymphatic fluid/ink. This is completely acceptable, and is the bodies way of trying to repair itself.
At this point (which will either be later on in the day of your sitting, or the next day), you will want to very gently wash away as much blood/ink/gooey plasma as you can.
The best way to do this is to use warm water and sensitive fragrance-free soap, and applying it using circular motions with your clean fingers. Always ensure the water isn't too hot, as this could cause further damage to the wound.
It's also important not to use any rough wash cloths or towels as these could pull off any drying scabs and cause delays as the tattoo heals. To keep the tattoo clean, refrain from applying used towels on the area.
More on how to clean a new tattoo here, or watch the video below:
The oozing plasma (clear gloopy liquid) on your tattoo is what helps your skin to scab. By keeping plasma levels to a minimum, you will help keep away the big unsightly scabs you normally see on a deep wound, of which can dry out and begin to crack if you're not careful.
Therefore, it’s important to try and clean off as much wet plasma as possible over the first few days of getting a tattoo with warm water and mild soap.
At this point in the healing process your tattoo is going to be very sore for the first several days, especially if it’s a big piece. The feeling can be described as moderate-to-severe sunburn.
Your whole body may feel slightly run-down for a couple of days too. This has been likened to the feeling of suffering from a mild flu. Again, this usually only occurs if you've had a large tattoo done over a multi-hour session. This is your bodies way of dealing with the trauma it has recently been put through.
The tattooed area will also feel warm to the touch for a few days (if the warmness hangs around for more than a week, go and see a doctor to ensure there isn’t an infection present).
Along with the soreness, the tattooed area will be red, probably raised above the skin slightly, and potentially bruised from some blood leaking underneath your top layers of skin.
Bruising is normally kept to a minimum as long as the tattoo artist isn't too rough and the needle isn't forced too deep; though you can sometimes also expect some swelling and tender areas where the needle has had to pass several times (usually on shading and darker areas).
Did You Know
The swelling around the tattooed area of your skin is mostly down to your body increasing blood flow to the area.
This is to enable your body to push more immune system-helping white blood cells to the area to assist in fighting foreign bodies trying to enter the open wound. The warmness around the area is down to the increased blood flow.
All of the above reactions are completely natural and are to be expected to at least some extent during the first stage of the tattoo healing process.
Having said that; if you begin to experience any extreme bruising or redness around you tattoo, especially if it's been a few days since getting it done, go and see a doctor just to be safe. Redness and/or bruising around the tattoo that is getting worse instead of improving can be the sign of a tattoo infection setting in.
Towards the end of this stage you will start to see the formation of scabbing.
As said previously, as long as you're taking care of clearing plasma and excess ink away from your tattooed area occasionally (2-3 times a day initially), the scabbing shouldn't be too thick and heavy.
Your tattoo will start to look more dull and cloudy than it initially did, and this is normal. The sharpness will come back slowly as the tattoo heals. It's worth noting that tattoos can continue to look worse before they look better throughout the first parts of the healing stages.
This stage can get irritating when it comes to sleeping if the tattoo is in an awkward location, like on your shoulder or side. It can be difficult to get a good sleep in a lot of circumstances due to the soreness of the tattoo and the fact that you'll want to keep the tattoo from rubbing and sticking onto bed sheets.
While sleeping with a new tattoo can seem worrying, and can be quite awkward depending on the tattoo's location, and whether it is wrapped etc., this awkwardness should subside after a couple of nights as the tattoo becomes gradually less inflamed, swollen and painful.
Check out our article about sleeping with a new tattoo for more information about getting a restful night with your new ink.
Finally, it should be known that you should keep your tattoo away from direct sun exposure for at least 3-4 weeks while the tattoo is healing. UV can be very damaging to tattoos, especially while they're still healing. Care should also be taken once the tattoo has fully healed, too, by always ensuring you wear at least SPF 30+ sunscreen. Over time, UV can cause a tattoo to fade considerably.
Blot/dab your tattoo dry instead of rubbing as this can pull the scabs off, removing color and ink in the process.
Stage 1 Roundup/Tips
- Stage one of the healing process will last for around one week, although everybody heals at different rates. Check out this article to see how to speed up the healing process.
- Avoid picking off any scabs that have formed. This will delay recovery and may pull color from the area before the tattoo heals up completely.
- Clean your tattoo 2-3 times a day with a fragrance-free soap using your fingers and BLOT dry. Avoid rubbing.
- Don’t worry about minimal bruising, swelling or redness for the first few days, but seek medical advice if the symptoms don’t improve, or get worse.
- Keep your tattoo out of the sun until it has healed properly.
Stage Two – Itching and Flaking
A lot of people regard this as the worst stage of healing. This stage is infamous due to the dreaded itchy ink.
At this point in the process, the scabs are hard and well-formed, and a few of the smaller ones are probably ready to start flaking off.
This is going to continue for around another week. Your skin is going to become very dry and very flaky (personally, this is my least favourite part of the whole process).
While all new tattoos will eventually flake, some tattoos will peel so lightly that you may not even be able to see this process in action.
For this reason, don't get concerned if yours doesn't look like it's flaking - I can assure you that the process will still be occurring - it will likely just be on a smaller scale.
Lighter tattoos, especially ones primarily made up with white ink, will tend to flake and peel much lighter than darker, thicker tattoos.
At this stage, the dryness of the damaged and dead skin is what causes the flaking, and this flaking is what primarily brings on the itching that everybody loves to hate.
The secret to preventing itching is to keep the skin moisturized. Do not scratch your tattoo. This is very important and can ruin a beautiful tattoo if you’re not careful.
If you MUST relieve the itch, instead of scratching, try lightly tapping the area, or give it another wash/moisturize. We have an amazing article written specifically to help with tattoo itching if you're especially struggling.
My Opinion On ‘The Itch’
I think tattoo itchiness is overhyped. I experience very mild itching occasionally during the healing process, but nothing extreme or unbearable. Just keep your skin well-moisturized, and the itching should become nothing more than a minor annoyance.
I personally put my lack of itchiness down to the choice of tattoo lotion I put on my skin. I use an exceptionally well-priced and popular product called Hustle Butter, which moisturizes and soothes tattooed skin extremely effectively.
I very rarely experience any itching at all when applying the lotion between washes, and if itching does flare up if I forget to moisturize after washing, rubbing in a light layer of Hustle Butter stops it right-away once applied.
During stage 2, you will want to moisturize your tattoo as often as possible. Some people advise 6-7 times a day, but moisturizing with a good quality fragrance-free lotion each time after washing should be enough to keep you tattoo moist enough to prevent extreme dryness and itching.
Ensure your tattoo is completely dry before applying lotion. Water trapped between the lotion and the skin can cause your scabs to soak up water and become gloopy. This makes the scabs far more likely to be pulled off by becoming stuck to something, such as bedsheets or clothing.
If you apply too much lotion, pat off the excess with a paper towel until only a faint shine can be seen on the surface. You don’t want to suffocate your tattoo with lotion; it needs to breathe while healing.
A Pick of my Favourite Tattoo Aftercare Lotions
A Pick of my Favourite Tattoo Aftercare Lotions
The best tattoo lotion I've ever personally used is a (vegan-friendly) tattoo aftercare product called Hustle Butter. This stuff works amazingly during the healing process - not only to keep your tattoo really well hydrated but it's also very good at soothing that annoying itching.
Many other buyers also advise that when using it from the very start of the healing process it appears to decrease healing times and seems to reduce heavy scabbing.
Read more about Hustle Butter here. Have a quick look at some of the customer reviews and you'll see why it's one of the most popular tattoo aftercare products.
After Inked Tattoo Lotion
After Inked is another very popular tattoo aftercare lotion that claims to be all of the following: Non-Petroleum based, Paraben-Free, Fragrance-Free, Vegan, Cruelty-Free and Gluten-Free.
The lotion is super skin-friendly and can be used throughout the whole healing process, and can continue to be used as a normal moisturizer once your tattoo has finished healing.
Tattoo Salve, Natural Aftercare Cream
Tattoo Salve is another entirely natural and vegan-friendly product that is quickly becoming a firm fan-favorite.
Infused with herbs and other totally natural ingredients, the small family-run business that makes Tattoo Salve advises that by using this skin friendly, synthetic free cream regularly throughout healing, the chances are that your tattoo will come out the other side looking bright and vibrant.
Here is a selection of my other favorite tattoo lotions and ointments that are currently on the market.
As you reach the end of this stage, more and more of your skin is going to become flaky and start to dangle from your tattooed area. It will be very tempting to peel these pieces of skin off but do not mess with them - they will fall off when they’re ready. By pulling the flaking pieces of skin away prematurely can cause ink to be tugged from the deeper layers, potentially causing patchiness and fading.
The half-peeled-off pieces of skin all over your tattoo, along with the dryness means your tattoo is going to look very unsightly and ugly for a few days, although the heavy peeling only usually lasts for 2-4 days.
When washing your tattoo you may see some coloured pieces of skin flaking away, but this is completely normal as you clean the area (as long as you’re not being too rough). This is actually how I lost most of my peeling skin, and all of my tattoos have healed perfectly well.
Among the factors already mentioned, you may also experience some tightness in the skin around your tattoo. This is due to the skin becoming drier than normal as it heals, and this is also normal. Applying lotion to the skin if it starts to feel tight can help loosen it up.
Stage 2 Roundup/Tips
- This stage is likely to last for around one week, but again, everybody heals differently
- Your skin/scabs will begin to dry up, flake ,and fall off. Avoid pulling any flaky pieces of skin away prematurely.
- Your tattoo may itch - do not scratch it. A good aftercare tip is to apply lotion to moisturize the area and help relieve itching
- The skin around your tattoo may start to feel tight, this is normal. Apply lotion to reduce tightness
- Your tattoo will look like an ugly piece of shedding snakes skin for a few days. Suck it up and wait for all the dead skin to flake off naturally. Most of mine peeled off while washing the tattoo (which is completely normal).
Stage Three – Dull & Cloudy
Nearly there! You've made it to the third and final stage of the healing process. By this point, pretty-much all of your scabs and areas of flaky skin will have dropped off, although a few of the heavier scabs may still be hanging around - excuse the pun.
The tattooed area will most-likely still be slightly flaky, and a little sore/sensitive to the touch. Continue to moisturize whenever your skin begins to look/feel dry.
Throughout this stage, your tattoo will continue to look somewhat cloudy, dull and scaly – it can even look a bit glossy/shiny in the light at the same time (weirdly). When a healing tattoo looks faded it can often be quite worrying, but rest-assured this is normal.
There is typically still a very fine dead layer of skin over the tattoo at this stage, but this will naturally flake away over the next month or two until your skin has completely regenerated back to normal. The clarity and beauty will return when your brand new skin reaches the surface, although this can take a couple of months.
For this reason, it's sometimes common for a black tattoo to look like it's turning grey during healing - but the deep, sharp blacks should return with time.
This is the perfect time to check your tattoo over for any problems such as patchy spots, fading, or any tattoo blowout that may have occurred during the tattooing procedure. You can then contact your tattoo artist to arrange a touchup if necessary.
When Is a Tattoo Fully Healed?
Although your skin should look pretty much back to normal after the 2-3 weeks of healing stages, the deeper layers of skin will still be busy repairing themselves.
Your most upper/outer layers of skin will always heal the fastest because it’s the most important part to seal up and regenerate in order to block infection-causing bacteria from entering the wound.
The lower layers of skin will most-likely take 3-4 months to completely heal, though your tattoo will start to look much clearer and sharper long before those 3-4 months are up. Most healing problems will have totally cleared up by this time too.
In conclusion, it’s hard to say when a tattoo is fully healed, because everybody heals differently. It also depends on lots of various factors such as how large the piece is, and how good the tattoo artist was (if they were rough and pushed the needle deeper than required, the tattoo will probably take longer than normal to heal).
If 4-6 months have passed since your last piece of work on the tattoo (either the initial session, or an additional touch-up), then it’s relatively safe to say that your tattooed area should be fully healed.
Important Tattoo Aftercare Steps You Must Ensure You Take
Some of our other awesomely-helpful guides:
All in all, it may seem like a lot is going on with your tattoo after your initial inking session, and it may feel like there are a million instructions to follow, but remember, it's only for 2-3 weeks. Below are some quick pieces of advice and things to look out for.
Important Stages & Key Aftercare Tips
- Oozing (Days 1-2) - Straight after your tattoo is finished at the tattoo shop/parlour, and for the next few days, your tattoo is going to be leaking all kinds of fluids. Blood, plasma, lymph, and ink are all going to seeping out of the wound. Wear baggy clothing where possible to prevent rubbing, and clean the area with mild, fragrance-free soap.
- Pain, Swelling and Scabbing (Days 3-6) – The first several days will go by with your tattoo essentially still being a raw, open wound. It will likely still be painful during cleaning, or when clothes/other body parts rub against it. Scabs will start to form towards the end of this stage.
- Flaky Skin (Days 7-14) – After about a week, your skin is going to start to peel and flake. This can get incredibly irritating and the temptation to pick at the skin will be strong. Resist this urge and don’t pick or pull when the skin starts to hang. Avoid scratching the area if it begins to itch, and apply lotion if it starts to look/feel dry or tight.
Take care of your tattoo and follow your tattoo artist's aftercare instructions as well as humanly possible during this very important period, and by the end of it, you should be set up to have a fabulous piece of ink etched into your body for the rest of your life. Congratulations!
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